Will The Wealthy Leave Us All Behind?

Robots revolt in R.U.R., a 1920 play.

Professor and media theorist Douglas Rushkoff penned an article that went viral a few years ago, “Survival of the Richest.” It outlines how the super-wealthy are preparing for doomsday. Here is a recap followed by a brief commentary.

Rushkoff was invited to deliver a speech for an unusually large fee, about half his academic salary, on “the future of technology.” He expected a large audience but, upon arrival, he was ushered into a small room with a table surrounded by five wealthy men. But they weren’t interested in the future of technological innovation. Instead, they wanted to know things like where they should move to avoid the coming climate crisis, whether mind uploading will work and, most prominently, how to “maintain authority over [their] security force after the event?”

The Event. That was their euphemism for the environmental collapse, social unrest, nuclear explosion, unstoppable virus, or Mr. Robot hack that takes everything down.

This single question occupied us for the rest of the hour. They knew armed guards would be required to protect their compounds from the angry mobs. But how would they pay the guards once money was worthless? What would stop the guards from choosing their own leader? The billionaires considered using special combination locks on the food supply that only they knew. Or making guards wear disciplinary collars of some kind in return for their survival. Or maybe building robots to serve as guards and workers — if that technology could be developed in time.

That’s when it hit me: At least as far as these gentlemen were concerned, this was a talk about the future of technology. Taking their cue from Elon Musk colonizing Mars, Peter Thiel reversing the aging process, or Sam Altman and Ray Kurzweil uploading their minds into supercomputers, they were preparing for a digital future that had a whole lot less to do with making the world a better place than it did with transcending the human condition altogether and insulating themselves from a very real and present danger of climate change, rising sea levels, mass migrations, global pandemics, nativist panic, and resource depletion. For them, the future of technology is really about just one thing: escape.

Rushkoff continues by expressing his disdain for transhumanism,

The more committed we are to this [transhuman] view of the world, the more we come to see human beings as the problem and technology as the solution. The very essence of what it means to be human is treated less as a feature than bug. No matter their embedded biases, technologies are declared neutral. Any bad behaviors they induce in us are just a reflection of our own corrupted core. It’s as if some innate human savagery is to blame for our troubles.

Ultimately, according to the technosolutionist orthodoxy, the human future climaxes by uploading our consciousness to a computer or, perhaps better, accepting that technology itself is our evolutionary successor. Like members of a gnostic cult, we long to enter the next transcendent phase of our development, shedding our bodies and leaving them behind, along with our sins and troubles.

The mental gymnastics required for such a profound role reversal between humans and machines all depend on the underlying assumption that humans suck. Let’s either change them or get away from them, forever.

It is such thinking that leads the tech billionaires to want to escape to Mars, or at least New Zealand. But “the result will be less a continuation of the human diaspora than a lifeboat for the elite.”

For his part, Rushkoff suggested to his small audience that the best way to survive and flourish after “the event,” would be to treat other people better now. Act to avoid social instability, environmental collapse and all the rest rather than to figure out how to deal with them in the future. Their response?

They were amused by my optimism, but they didn’t really buy it. They were not interested in how to avoid a calamity; they’re convinced we are too far gone. For all their wealth and power, they don’t believe they can affect the future. They are simply accepting the darkest of all scenarios and then bringing whatever money and technology they can employ to insulate themselves — especially if they can’t get a seat on the rocket to Mars.

But for Rushkoff:

We don’t have to use technology in such antisocial, atomizing ways. We can become the individual consumers and profiles that our devices and platforms want us to be, or we can remember that the truly evolved human doesn’t go it alone.

Being human is not about individual survival or escape. It’s a team sport. Whatever future humans have, it will be together.

Reflections – I don’t doubt that many wealthy and powerful people would willingly leave the rest of us behind, or enslave or kill us all—a theme endorsed by Ted Kaczynski in The Unabomber Manifesto: Industrial Society and Its Future. But notice that these tendencies toward evil existed before advanced technology or transhumanist philosophy—history is replete with examples of cruelty and genocide.

So the question is whether we can create a better world without radically transforming human beings. I doubt it. As I’ve said many times our apelike brains—characterized by territoriality, aggression, dominance hierarchies, irrationality, superstition, and cognitive biases—combined with 21st-century technology is a lethal combination. And that’s why, in order to survive the many existential risks now confronting us and to have descendants who flourish, we should embrace transhumanism.

So while there are obvious risks associated with the power that science and technology afford, they are our best hope as we approach many of these “events.” If we don’t want our planet to circle our sun lifeless for the next few billion years, if we believe that conscious life is really worthwhile, then we must work quickly to transform both our moral and intellectual natures. Otherwise at most only a few will survive.

Still, I admit to being uncertain about all this. I just don’t know the best way to proceed into the future.  I long for a better world, for better lives, for more happiness and less suffering but will such a future unfold? I just don’t know and feel so powerless to make it all turn out well. Worst of all I know that my own shortcomings are part of the problem.

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6 thoughts on “Will The Wealthy Leave Us All Behind?

  1. “So the question is whether we can create a better world without radically transforming human beings. I doubt it.”.

    I agree. I actually find Rushkoff’s optimism, amusing, myself. “Team sport” ? Good luck with that. Team sport would imply working for the team, whereas most of us work for our own ends, what we like, what we want to believe, and against what we dislike. Obviously, this is a generalization.

    Thank you for your essay.

  2. Interesting question: what could be done to avert the collapse of civilization? I believe that I have previously presented the reasoning behind my conclusion that civilization must collapse, probably before this century is out. But what strategy could avert that disaster?

    The fundamental problem is that technological change is accelerating, while human capacity for coping with environmental change is fixed at several generations. Technological change has already outstripped our capacity to respond; witness our failure to cope with climate change. I think that the crossing point where the pace of technological change exceeded the capacity of humanity to respond came in the second half of the twentieth century. We just barely edged past the threat of nuclear war in its early years. But we’re now starting to slip behind.

    So what can save civilization? I believe that the intellectual challenges of modern technology exceed the cognitive capacity of the average citizen; to put it bluntly, people are too stupid to handle modernity. Just look at the climate science deniers, the anti-vaxxers, and the ridiculously simplistic thinking that catapulted Mr. Trump into power.

    My hunch is that the only hope for civilization is a technocracy, a government ruled by a hierarchy of committees of experts in the many areas of study of human behavior. Admission to a position in the technocracy would be based on demonstrated expertise in a relevant field. The National Academy of Science provides us with a good model; new members are nominated and elected by the existing membership.

    I suppose that what I am proposing is the replacement of the federal government with the NAS, along with a dramatic expansion of the NAS to include social sciences. I readily admit that this is an idealistic notion, and probably will fall prey to the insidious pressures of society, but I believe that it’s our only hope of preserving civilization.

  3. Your solution echoes Plato’s idea that the morally and intellectually excellent must run society. I think you and Plato are correct.

  4. Will The Wealthy Leave Us All Behind?

    The answer to this question is ‘NO’ we will all leave eventually, although perhaps not all at the same time!
    Professor Rushkoff’s clients were worried about many things, some imaginary, ‘ Humans have always worried about and feared imaginary things more that real threats’, one perhaps more real than the others, (how to control the humans when the Money loses it’s potency) indeed, “For them, the future of technology is really about just one thing: escape.
    What are they hoping to escape? Why ultimately death of course, the ‘problem’ that bedevils the minds of those who think that their power should allow them to escape it. Why do they think they should escape it? Because they have money, Money is the Talisman most revered by men of this age, it is believed by many that with sufficient money and time ‘anything’ can be achieved!
    Modern rich men and their faith in technology are in an inferior position to the middle Ages rich man who could give a bag of gold to a Cardinal or even the Pope, if he was rich enough, and the clergyman would take care of everything and the rich man could return to peaceful dreams in the secure knowledge that things would only get better after his personal big ‘event’!
    We know more about money today, we know that the man with the money can hire people to create the things he wants, at least they will tell him that they can create the reality he wants to experience, and if he ‘believes’ them he can take such comfort as that can afford him as he awaits their eventual reality. (true believers are always awaiting their Savior) Not as all encompassing as in earlier times, but probably the best palliative we have in to-day’s uncertain World.
    Modern life, and attempts to create trans-humans will hasten our demise, no human program can, or is in reality designed to ‘enhance’ the human organism we can only hasten the degradation of the species!
    “Still, I admit to being uncertain about all this. I just don’t know the best way to proceed into the future.  I long for a better world, for better lives, for more happiness and less suffering but will such a future unfold? I just don’t know and feel so powerless to make it all turn out well” John Messerly?
    In the old days we would have said ‘God bless you’ for that Doctor, I don’t really know what would be appropriate now, but I will say; We are all actors without agency on the stage set by the Zeitgeist of these times and no one is ‘really’ in charge, everyone is reacting to the changes while trying to preserve the agency they think they remember having while they wonder where it went and why it disappeared!

  5. Right now, the looming danger of dictatorship supersedes everything save for direct existential threats. Dictatorship is only natural: the law of the Jungle—obviously, it’s not the tiny group that Rushkoff lectured, or Rushkoff’s homilies that matter.
    People say, “it can’t happen here”; yet here is now there and there is now here. During this tornado season, many people will think,
    “a twister will happen somewhere else”….

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