Doubt is an uneasy and dissatisfied state from which we struggle to free ourselves and pass into the state of belief; while the latter is a calm and satisfactory state which we do not wish to avoid, or to change to a belief, in anything else. On the contrary, we cling tenaciously, not merely to believing, but to believing just what we do believe.
~Charles Sanders Pierce “The Fixation of Belief”1 Continue reading Election Recounts and the Backfire Effect
“Critical Thinking & COVID-19: Argument Against Expertise”
In a previous essay, I went over the argument from authority and the standards to use to distinguish between credible and non-credible experts. While people often make the mistake of treating non-experts as credible sources, they also make the mistake of rejecting credible experts because the experts are experts. Continue reading Critical Thinking & COVID-19: Argument Against Expertise
“Critical Thinking & COVID-19: Argument from Authoritarian”
While it would be irrational to reject medical claims of health care experts in favor of those made by President Trump, there are those who do just that. Considerations of why people do this is mainly a matter of psychology, but the likely errors in reasoning are a matter for philosophy. Continue reading Critical Thinking & COVID-19: Argument from Authoritarianism
Critical Thinking & COVID-19: Trump’s “Expertise”
Donald Trump was elected president and hence he has the legal authority conferred by this office. By having legal authority is not the same as having authority as an expert. In this essay, I will assess Trump’s authority as a medical expert. Continue reading Critical Thinking & COVID-19: Trump’s “Expertise”