Category Archives: Fallibilism/Skepticism

Conspiracy Theories and Fallibilism

© Darrell Arnold Ph.D.– (Reprinted with Permission)

Many philosophers of science since Charles S. Pierce have touted fallibilism as basic to the methodology of science. Writers on conspiracy theory also often note that the views of conspiracy theorists are not fallibilistic or falsifiable. But people can mean various things by these statements. Here I briefly describe a couple of the different ways that beliefs are described as unfalsifiable or non-fallibilistic. Continue reading Conspiracy Theories and Fallibilism

The Limits of Knowledge

 Chris-Crawford.jpgChris Crawford at Cologne Game Lab in 2011

© Chris Crawford– (Reprinted with Permission)

You don’t know jack. Neither do I. The world is far more complex than we realize. I have spent a lifetime learning about a huge range of topics Continue reading The Limits of Knowledge

What is Fallibilism?


In a previous post, I claimed to be a fallibilist. This technical philosophical term refers (roughly) to “the belief that any idea we have could be wrong.” Or, more precisely,

Fallibilism (from medieval Latin fallibilis, “liable to err”) is the philosophical principle that human beings could be wrong about their beliefs, expectations, or their understanding of the world, and yet still be justified in holding their incorrect beliefs. Continue reading What is Fallibilism?

The Beauty of Skepticism

The biologist and paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was one of the most prolific and widely read authors of popular science in the twentieth century. (Links to a few of his books can be found below.) In addition to authoring or editing more than twenty books, he penned the foreword to Michael Shermer’s 1997 book Continue reading The Beauty of Skepticism